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IOVWST Meeting
Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, 2024

Wind stress measurements from the QuikSCAT-ADEOSS-II tandem mission and the impact on an ocean model

Presenting Author: Dr. Tong Lee

We examine diurnal signals captured by the SeaWinds scatterometers during the QuikSCAT-ADOESS-II tandem mission during April-October 2003) and their impact on ocean model simulation. The diurnal variability captured by twice-daily scatterometer wind from the tandem mission is substantially larger than that estimated by the NCEP reanalysis product (even with a 6-hourly interval in the latter). Consequently, the impact of diurnal wind on model SST is significantly larger with scatterometer than with NCEP winds because of stronger vertical mixing caused by the twice-daily scatterometer wind. This is consistent with previous studies that high-frequency wind at the oceanís inertial frequencies enhances vertical mixing through resonant inertial oscillations. The weak vertical mixing associated with daily scatterometer winds causes warm bias of SST (relative to that resulting from twice-daily scatterometer wind) and larger deviation from observations. The warm bias reaches several įC in mid-latitude oceans during summertime and can accumulate with time. Heat flux correction methods that attempt to account for the feedback of SST would propagate the error in wind and vertical mixing to the heat flux without correcting the source of the error. Because of this incorrect error compensation, caution is needed in the interpretation of SST budget resulting from ocean models and data assimilation outputs based on wind products that do not adequately resolve diurnal variability. Our findings highlight the need to resolve diurnal wind in future scatterometer missions.

2024 International OVWST Meeting
May 29 - 31 Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
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