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IOVWST Meeting
Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, 2024

Indian Ocean Intraseasonal Sea Surface Temperature Variability During Boreal Summer: Madden-Julian Oscillation Versus Submonthly Forcing and Processes

Presenting Author: Dr. Weiqing Han

Intraseasonal sea-surface temperature (SST) variability in the Indian Ocean during boreal summer is investigated with a series of experiments using the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). QuickSCAT winds and satellite observed outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) are used to identify the wind and convection patterns associated with atmospheric intraseasonal oscillations (ISOs). Effects of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO; 30-90 days) and submonthly ISOs are separately examined. Similar to winter, MJO forcing dominates summertime SST variability, even though submonthly forcing is stronger. Wind plays a much larger role in altering SSTs than either shortwave fluxes or precipitation. Different from winter cases studied by Han et al. (2007), the maximum summertime SST variability shifts to the Arabian Sea (AS) and the Bay of Bengal (BOB), when ISOs also shift to the northern hemisphere. In the BOB, surface heat fluxes due to changes in wind speed have a stronger influence on SST than upwelling and advection induced by wind stress, whereas in winter the effects of wind speed and stress are comparable. This difference arises from the barrier layer and thin surface mixed layer in the BOB, which reduces the effects of upwelling and amplifies the effects of surface heat fluxes. In the AS, surface heat fluxes and entrainment cooling caused by wind speed have a larger effect on MJO-scale SST than wind stress, while the two have comparable effects on submonthly SST. In the equatorial region wind speed and stress are equally important.

2024 International OVWST Meeting
May 29 - 31 Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
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